Marriage is an institution recognizing the matrimonial tie between the men and women. When the marriage is solemnized, certain ceremonies are observed or conducted to recognize or celebrate the marriage in accordance with the customary rights of the couple(s). During the subsistence of the marriage, many disputes or misunderstanding arise between the couples and as such, there is a necessity to evolve a mechanism to solve the disputes between them. Since the marriages are solemnized in accordance with religious and customary practices, the legislative measures were taken to ensure the solution for divorce, adoption, maintenance custody of children etc.
India is a country where people of different faiths are living and to regulate matrimonial relationship several enactments were brought on the statute book.